For last week’s practice question, we quizzed participants on the 5 different tongue tastes. 67% of respondents chose the best answer. We want to clarify and share this important information, so you can pass it on to people living with diabetes and your colleagues, plus prepare for exam success!
Before we start though, if you don’t want any spoilers and haven’t tried the question yet, you can answer it below: Answer Question
Question: JR thinks that their ability to taste food has diminished recently. They ask you, what are the five confirmed basic tastes of the tongue?
Which of the following lists describes the best answer?
If you are thinking about taking the certification exam, this practice test question will set you up for success. Test writers anticipate possible answers based on the details in the question. They will wave those “juicy answers” right under your nose. Your job is to weed through the particulars, pluck out the most important elements and choose the BEST answer.
Answer 1 is incorrect. 15.92% chose this answer. “Sweet, salty, bitter, pepper, sour.” This answer is really close, however there are no specific receptors on the tongue to detect the flavor pepper.
Answer 2 is incorrect. 5.22% of you chose this answer. “Umami, sweet, sour, salty, ammonia.” This answer is really close, however, ammonia is not a confirmed flavor and this list is missing the flavor, bitter.
Answer 3 is correct. About 67.41% of respondents chose this. “Bitter, sour, sweet, salty, umami.” YES, these are the 5 confirmed tastes and one more taste might be added to list, ammonium chloride. According to an article in Neuroscience News, “The tongue’s response to ammonium chloride, a component in some candies, may indicate a sixth basic taste. The study illuminated that OTOP1, a protein receptor that signals sour taste, also responds notably to ammonium chloride.”
Finally, Answer 4 is incorrect. 11.44% chose this answer. “Sour, sweet, ammonia, salty, bitter” This answer is really close, however, ammonia is not a confirmed flavor and this list is missing the flavor, umami.
We hope you appreciate this week’s rationale! Thank you so much for taking the time to answer our Question of the Week and participate in this fun learning activity!
Coach Bev invites you to join this 60 minute webinar that covers gastrointestinal health from top to bottom. Topics include; fatty liver disease diagnosis and treatment, intestinal complications associated with diabetes, keeping the microbiome healthy, and more. Join us to explore the magnificent wonders of diabetes and the gut.
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Instructor: Beverly Thomassian RN, MPH, CDCES, has been Board Certified in Advanced Diabetes Management for over 20 years. She is an Associate Clinical Professor at UCSF, a working educator, and a nationally recognized diabetes expert. She has a Master’s Degree in Public Health from UCLA, with a focus on behavioral health and education.
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